Rheumatology Conditions

Rheumatology covers a wide range of conditions.

Axial spondylitis (Ankylosing spondylitis) (AS)

An inflammatory condition that affects the joints in your spine. Spondylitis simply means inflammation of the spine. ankylosing-spondylitis

Acute calcium pyrophosphate arthritis

A calcium crystal condition that can cause pain and swelling in joints acute-cpp-crystal-arthritis

Behçet’s disease

A rare condition that causes a number of symptoms, including: mouth ulcers, genital ulcers and eye inflammation. behcets-syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome

A condition that happens when the median nerve is compressed or squeezed as it passes through the wrist leading to numbness or tingling in the hand. carpal-tunnel-syndrome

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis

A type of vasculitis, previously known as Churg Strauss vasculitis. It causes asthma to develop in adults, followed by inflammation of the blood vessels caused by swellings called granulomas. eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis


A long-term condition that can cause widespread pain and tenderness over much of the body. fibromyalgia

Giant cell arteritis, or GCA

One of a group of conditions referred to as vasculitis, meaning inflammation in the blood vessels. giant-cell-arteritis-gca


A form of arthritis which can be intensely painful; and it’s caused by having sodium urate crystals in your joints. gout

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis

A type of vasculitis, previously known as Wegener’s Granulomatosis with ear nose and throat problems and occasionally lung and kidney involvement granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis/

Henoch–Schönlein purpura (HSP)

A type of vasculitis that affects the capillaries. It often follows a chest infection and may be an allergic reaction to a virus, food or drugs. henoch-schoenlein-purpura/

Joint hypermobility

Simply means that you can move some or all of your joints more than most people can. You may have been aware from an early age that your joints were more supple than other peoples. joint-hypermobility/


An autoimmune disease, which means that the immune system, your body’s defence system, produces antibodies that attack the body’s own tissues, causing inflammation. lupus

Microscopic polyangiitis

A type of vasculitis. Almost all people with microscopic polyangiitis have kidney problems that can lead to raised blood pressure and kidney failure. microscopic-polyangiitis


The name for a group of rare conditions that can cause muscles to become weak, tired and painful. myositis


Is a very common condition which can affect any joint in the body. It’s most likely to affect the joints that bear most of our weight, such as the knees and feet. Joints that we use a lot in everyday life, such as the joints of the hand, are also commonly affected. osteoarthritis


A condition which leads to bones becoming more fragile and more likely to break osteoporosis

Palindromic rheumatism

A form of inflammatory arthritis. It causes attacks or flare-ups of joint pain and inflammation that come and go. palindromic-rheumatism

Plantar fasciitis

Is inflammation at the site where fascia attach under your heel bone. plantar-fasciitis


Polymyalgia rheumatica  or PMR

A relatively common condition that causes stiffness and pain in muscles of the arms and legs. polymyalgia-rheumatica

Psoriatic arthritis

Can cause pain, swelling and stiffness in and around your joints. It usually affects people who already have the skin condition psoriasis. psoriatic-arthritis

Raynaud’s phenomenon

This causes blood to stop flowing properly to the outer parts of the body. This happens mainly when you get cold, and it can also happen because of stressful situations raynauds-phenomenon

Reactive arthritis

A relatively short-lived condition causing painful joint swelling. It develops shortly after a bowel, genital tract or, less frequently, a throat infection. In most cases, it clears up completely within 6 months causing no further problems reactive-arthritis.

Rheumatoid arthritis

This is an auto-immune condition that can cause pain, swelling and stiffness in joints rheumatoid-arthritis

Sjögren’s syndrome

Is a condition that mainly causes a dry mouth and eyes, though it can also cause a range of other symptoms including joint pain and fatigue. sjoegrens-syndrome

Systemic sclerosis

A rare condition that can cause people’s skin and the connective tissue inside the body to harden.  sclerosis-scleroderma


This is inflammation of the blood vessels, the tubes that carry blood around your body and can cause other symptoms like fever, weight loss, sweats and fatigue. vasculitis


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